Today I visited the London Transport Museum to get a better understanding of the London Underground, as I have a particular interest in the process of creating such a huge part of London Life and why many are un used.
The first underground was built by 2,000 Navvies, by hand. There were no accurate plans to show the engineers what might lie underneath the ground. The work was risky, but despite many construction problems it was built to a very high standard. The first underground railway was designed to transport passengers arriving at London’s main station, into the city. An underground line was built below the main road to the city would avoid most property demolition in comparison to building a railway at ground level. The metropolitan railway company was formed in 1854 to carry through the ground breaking project.
The railway reflected the class structure of Victorian society. On the main lines, metropolitan and district railways, passengers could choose from first class, second class or third class. This varied the level of comfort within each compartment.
IN 1913 the undergrounds publicity manager, Frank Pick, commissioned a typographer to design the company typeface. By 1917 the proportion of the roundel had been reworked to suit the new lettering. The solid red disk became a circle, and the new symbol was registered as a trademark. This is a drawing looking at the proportions.
This was one of the pieces of art work relating to the underground I saw, I thought it was really interesting and fun.
After looking around the whole museum, I was quite disappointed at how much information they had in regards to the unused tube stations. However, I did find many books with information regarding the unused tube stations and am planning a tour of Aldwych, which I have previously looked into. This unused tube station is in-between Holborn and Covent Garden. The branch opened in 1907, but due to low numbers of passengers the the station eventually closed in 1994. I hope to soon go on a tour of this unused station.
While visiting the new designers event in London, I found some specific graduates thats work really inspired me. Due to there theme, processes and final pieces. Take a look:
This was my favourite new designer of the event. Her name is Shiona McMahon and she attended the University of Dundee. Instantly I was drawn to the rust dying, colours and textures. Before even seeing the screws I could see the patterns of rust dying. She said she has a passion for natural dying techniques. Her collection aims to show how versatile the processes can be and hopes to sell her work to commercial interior markets. I loved how beautiful and unique each piece was, especially with hand stitches.
Click here for more Information and Instagram Account.
This is another piece of work I particularly liked, by Rebakah Garthwaite who studied at the Birmingham City University. During the project she was inspired by ice and had a passion for embroidery and embellishment. I was drawn to the sketch book at colour palette most of all because of how the book was laid out to show all the pages, but also because the sketch book was used to demonstrate her though processes, and samples, which I hope to go back to during the second and third year of University. Her final peices included over 10,000 beads which were hand stitched onto fabric. and different embroidery methods to show the transformation of ice. Although i’m not the biggest fan of embroidery, I was really impressed with this piece.
Click here for more Information and Instagram account.
I also collected many business cards throughout the day. When I go into third year, I assume I will also make business cards but looking at all the different types has given me lots to think about, including colour, textures, shapes, cut out shapes and hand made elements. Each card is different, but the ones that stood out to me were the ones that were hand made with there names printed on top, or thin clear plastic cards with shapes cut out. This idea would be good because it could make a keyring. However, Rachael Larsson, who used the plastic business cards was creating all her work out of plastic so it made so much sense. Obviously this day has given me an insight into what I will be doing in 2 years time, and I look forward to it. But with the time leading up to this point I hope to have looked into these things throughly.